Dense vegetation and the expectations of encountering the several endangered species suddenly out from the bush is thrilling adventure at Chitwan. Also, the unique cultural dance of Tharu tribal amidst the bonfire is yet again a worthwhile cultural come across at Chitwan. Lumbini, the holiest site of entire Terai is an UNESCO Heritage Site which is a birth place of Great Lord Buddha who inspired the global philosophy of peace. The most important of four magnets for Buddhist pilgrimage, Lumbini is full of meditating monasteries throughout the entire sacred surroundings.
The Chitwan National Park is home to at least 43 species of mammals. The “King of the Jungle” is the Bengal Tiger. The alluvial floodplain habitat of the Terai is one of the best tiger habitats anywhere in the world. Since the establishment of Chitwan National Park the initially small population of about 25 individuals has increased to 70–110 in 1980. In some years this population has declined due to poaching and floods. In a long-term study carried out from 1995–2002 tiger researchers identified a relative abundance of 82 breeding tigers and a density of 6 females per 100 km2.
Leopards are most prevalent on the peripheries of the park. They co-exist with tigers, but being socially subordinate are not common in prime tiger habitat. In 1988, a clouded leopard was captured and radio-collared outside the protected area, and released into the park but did not stay.